Historical shop Banner...(26KB)  We Buy, Sell & Trade rare collectibles from early Americana to the Civil WarHistorical shop Banner...(10KB)  We Buy, Sell & Trade rare collectibles from early Americana to the Civil War
Historical shop Banner...(13KB)  We Buy, Sell & Trade rare collectibles from early Americana to the Civil War--we have CDV's, Hard Images, Currency, Coins, Documents & Displays.

Join Us on Facebook!

P.O. Box 73244   Metairie, LA  70033                      Phone: (504) 467-2532          Fax:  (504) 464-7552


About the Historical Shop      Catalogue Subscription & Ordering Information        Email Us

Wholesale Lots - Clearance

Ancient Items

Historical Jewelry

Early Printed Bible Pages

European Historical Items

Ancient Coins 







Coins Used in Early America

Rev. War Buttons



Civil War






Hand Tinted Harper's & Leslies

Abe Lincoln

Sutler Script


Patriotic Covers

Gettysburg Items

Harpers Weekly/Leslie's

- State Notes
- US Fractional




Letters $50 or Less








Postal Covers



Cultural/ Locale

American Indian

Black History


Antebellum New Orleans & The South


Specialty Items

Spanish Coins/Artifacts

Presidential Items

Postal History

Antique Maps



Related Links

FrFlowertopl.jpg (2516 bytes)
FrFlowerctl.jpg (1566 bytes)
FrFlowerttl.jpg (1991 bytes)

FrFlowertopr.jpg (2618 bytes)
FrFlowerctr.jpg (1591 bytes)
FrFlowerttr.jpg (1985 bytes)

The Civil War 

  Confederate Autographs  

, written several weeks before hi death, September 2nd, 1930, a note, 3" X 4", mentioning a local Richmond historian T. G. Clarke who had a shop between Marshall and Clay streets who used to come by his studio and educated Valentine in the history of Richmond, initialed E. V. V., included are three poems written by Clarke and signed, 4 items...................................................

3015 - GENERAL P. G. T. BEAUREGARD DESCRIBES THE SCENE AFTER THE MINE EXPLOSION AT THE CRATER NEAR PETERSBURG AS HE STOOD WITH LEE AS THE CONFEDERATES TRIED TO REGAIN THEIR POSITIONS, 3.5" X 8", note undated recipient not shown, written in the after mast of the Petersburg Campaign in pencil [he used pencil notes throughout the war in the field. He writes..."My oblique loop holes were on view about the time of the mine explosion - a little later I think...General Lee and myself noticed the enemy wishing to get back to their lines until after we had retaken a part of our trenches which is ground retaken. They are so many kinds of them [trenches, etc]. but anything that will protect one from an attack of the enemy is taken as entrenchment or re-entrenchment. G. T. B. The Battle of the Crater was a battle, part of the Siege of Petersburg. It took place on July 30, 1864, between the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General Robert E. Lee and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen. George G. Meade (under the direct supervision of the general-in-chief, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant). After weeks of preparation, on July 30, Union forces exploded a mine in Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's IX Corps sector, blowing a gap in the Confederate defenses of Petersburg, Virginia. From that propitious beginning, everything deteriorated rapidly for the Union attackers. Unit after unit charged into and around the crater, where soldiers milled in confusion. Grant considered the assault "the saddest affair I have witnessed in this war." The Confederates quickly recovered and launched several counterattacks led by Brig. Gen. William Mahone. The breach was sealed off, and Union forces were repulsed with severe casualties. Brig. Gen. Edward Ferrero's division of black soldiers were badly maled. It may have been Grant's best chance to end the Siege of Petersburg. Instead, the soldiers settled in for another eight months of trench warfare. Burnside was relieved of command for the last time for his role in the debacle and he was never again returned to command. Beauregard comments of the re-organization of the Confederate lines after the initial shock of the explosion. The Confederated re-organized and killed thousands of Union troops both white and black shouting down in the crater created by the explosion. Apparently Beauregard refers to the Union troops trying to evacuate the crater to the safety of their lines. Then the Confederate reset their entrenchments. Historic content.....................................$495.00

9801 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL EPPA HUNTON WRITES A CHECK FOR THE PORTION DUE A CLIENT FOR THE SALE OF A SLAVE, Manuscript check written on the Farmers Bank of Alexandria, VA, January 3rd, 1856 all in Hunton's hand and signed by him paying A. H. Saunders $341.72 being his share of the sale of slaves from the estate of John Saunders. 3" X 7", nice brown ink.....................................$295.00


3344 - SECRETARY OF WAR JAMES A. SEDDON, nice bold ink signature on a large clip mounted on a card, as Secretary of War. Seddon attended the peace convention held in Washington, D. C., in 1861, which attempted to devise a means of preventing the impending civil war. Later in the same year, he attended the Provisional Confederate Congress. President Davis named him as the Secretary of War, a post he held until January 1, 1865, when he retired from the public life to his country estate. Very fine....................................................$275.00

3117 - SHERMAN TELLS THE MAYOR OF ATLANTA - "WAR IS HELL", Mayor J. M. Calhoun the Mayor of Atlanta in 1864 signs a City of Atlanta check on July 8th, 1864 to JOhn Haslett for $132.37 for work on streets. James M. Calhoun (February 12, 1811 - October 1, 1875) was the 16th Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia during the American Civil War, best known as the recipient of Union General William T. Sherman's famous "war is cruelty" (often misquoted as "war is hell") letter. In 1863, he commissioned a volunteer militia to defend his city. When Union troops under the command of William T. Sherman drew near during the Atlanta campaign, much of the population of Atlanta, including Calhoun's wife and children, fled the city. This reduced the population of Atlanta from around 22,000 to less than 3,000 when the Confederate Army of Tennessee retreated from the city on September 1, 1864. Calhoun surrendered the city to Union forces under Sherman on September 2, 1864, writing, "Sir: The fortune of war has placed Atlanta in your hands. As mayor of the city I ask protection of non-combatants and private property." A marker now stands at the corner of Peachtree Street and Alabama Street indicating where the surrender took place. Sherman replied by ordering the evacuation of the remaining civilian population of Atlanta on September 7, 1864, Calhoun and the city council protested this order, claiming that most of those who had not fled could not leave on account of their age, sickness, pregnancy, or destitution. In response, Sherman wrote back, accusing the Confederates of hypocrisy for invading Union territory and inflicting pains on American citizens, but only complaining when the reverse was done to them. Union soldiers under Sherman occupied the city for two months and burned much of it on November 15, 1864, in preparation for the March to the Sea. 3.5" X 8", pre-printed and filled-in........................................$150.00

, Lt. G. Yarborough was appointed 2nd Lt. in the 100th Alabama 21st Brigade, 5th Division Alabama Militia on March 29th, 1862 at Montgomery, AL. Signed by Alabama Governor John Gill Shorter. 8" X 10" pre-printed and filled-in. Shorter formed numerous local militia units of 50 men in 1862 for home defense as the majority of Alabama's troops were serving in other areas. Fine, light paper clip stain which is trivial........................

3119 - GENERAL JOE SHELBY, St. Thomas, Missouri, January 24th, 1859. A beautiful vignetted draft of Jo. O. Shelby & Co. for $2000 payable in four months filled out and signed by Joseph Shelby. Vignette to the left of a Negro slave leaning on a bale, lavender imprint. Shelby formed the Lafayette County Mounted Rifles, for Missouri State Guard service, and was elected the company's captain, leading it into battle at Carthage, Wilson's Creek, and Pea Ridge. In 1862, he was promoted to colonel and authorized to recruit a Confederate cavalry regiment, returning to Lafayette County to do so. After successfully recruiting his regiment and bringing them safely back to Arkansas he was given command of a brigade of newly recruited regiments. Shelby led his "Iron Brigade", of Missouri volunteers, on what was at that time the longest cavalry raid of the war, Shelby's Raid. Between September 22 and November 3, 1863, Shelby's brigade traveled 1,500 miles through Missouri, inflicting over 1,000 casualties on Union forces, and capturing or destroying an estimated $2 million worth of Federal supplies and property. He was promoted to brigadier general on December 15, 1863, following the successful conclusion of his raid. In 1864, Union General Frederick Steele's failure, in the Camden Expedition, from March 23 - May 2, 1864, was largely due to Shelby's brilliant and determined harassment, in concert with other Confederate forces. Steele's men were forced to retreat to Little Rock, by the destruction or capture of their supply trains, at Mark's Mill. Reassigned to Clarendon, Arkansas, Shelby succeeded in capturing a Union tinclad (lightly armored) gunboat, the USS Queen City. The gunboat was burned to prevent her recapture. Shelby then commanded a division, during Sterling Price's 1864 Missouri raid. He distinguished himself, at the battles of Little Blue River and Westport, and captured many towns, from their Union garrisons, including Potosi, Boonville, Waverly, Stockton, Lexington, and California, Missouri. After Robert E. Lee's army surrendered in Virginia, General Edmund Kirby Smith appointed Shelby a major general on May 10, 1864. Scarce, Very fine..........................................SOLD

3120 - MARY CUSTIS LEE WRITES HER SON FROM WEST POINT, 2 pages in ink, 8" X 10", with addressed lettersheet to her son W. H. Fitzhugh Lee [Rooney] in New York [lettersheet]. Undated but written while Robert E. Lee was commandant at West Point. [1852 - 55]. In 1852, Lee was appointed Superintendent of the Military Academy at West Point. He was reluctant to enter what he called a "snake pit", but the War Department insisted and he obeyed. His wife occasionally came to visit. During his three years at West Point, Brevet Colonel Robert E. Lee improved the buildings and courses and spent much time with the cadets. Lee's oldest son, Lee was enormously relieved to receive a long-awaited promotion as second - in - command of the Second Cavalry regiment in Texas in 1855. This letter was written from West Point to Rooney while he was in New York away from Harvard University. She relates in part...She had woken up early to fix his Papa's breakfast so he could take the train to New York but due to snow and rain h delayed the trip. She relates much family news, mentions one of the officers lost a poor little baby to scarlet fever [Mr. Peck] and it was buried today. Your papa went but I thought it was too wet for me to go. It is very beautiful here and a great many of the cadets have propped open their windows enjoying the sunshine. The snow has all gone and it looks as mild as spring. Willy and Rob send their love. They are busy with their play and get along pretty well with their studies...Believe me ever your mother...M. C. LEE. Well written, a scarcer letter written by Mary Custis Lee pre-war.........................................................SOLD

7702 - SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY C. G. MEMMINGER WRITES THE CASHIER OF THE BANK OF FAYETTEVILLE, NC CONCERNING HIS SUGGESTION FOR CONFEDERATE TREASURY NOTE DENOMINATIONS TO BE ISSUED, Richmond, VA, August 1st, 1861, on Treasury Department stationary, 8" X 10", letter signed by Memminger thanking W. G. Broadfoot for his suggestions to what denomination of Confederate Treasury notes should be issued but that the notes in question have already been engraved. Memminger is referring to the series of notes issued September 2nd, 1861. Broadfoot was the cashier of the Bank of Fayetteville, NC. That series contained 25 new issues, the largest number issued by the Treasury to that date. Professional restoration to right border, otherwise good manuscript........................................SOLD

, His personal check signed by him on the Mutual National Bank of New Orleans, 1879 paying the bearer $700. Nice bold signature of Beauregard. Find..................................

2057 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL SIMON BUCKNER, His personal check drawn on the Masonic Savings Bank of Louisville, KY. 1875 written and signed by him, Federal revenue stamp, "S. B. Buckner". Buckner accepted a commission in the Confederate Army after declining a similar commission to the Union Army. In 1862, he accepted Ulysses S. Grant's demand for an "unconditional surrender" at the Battle of Fort Donelson. He was the first Confederate general to surrender an army in the war. He spent five months as a prisoner of war. After his release, Buckner participated in Braxton Bragg's failed invasion of Kentucky and near the end of the war became chief of staff to Edmund Kirby Smith in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Very fine................................................................$295.00

6047 - THE INFAMOUS COMMANDER OF CASTLE THUNDER IN RICHMOND, GEORGE W. ALEXANDER, A pay voucher dated August 1st, 1860 paying George W. Alexander while serving in the US Navy in the amount of $85.81. Alexander signs the voucher in ink, 2.25" X 6.5", blue imprinted paper. The prison's most notorious commandant was Capt. George W. Alexander. As a Confederate solider fighting in Maryland, Alexander was captured in 1861. While awaiting execution by the Union Army, he escaped and fled to Richmond. Once in Richmond, Alexander took command of the Castle Thunder Prison. Security at the prison was intense under Alexander. Prisoners are said to have complained of Alexander's brutality. Those held in the prison as spies, criminals, or charged with treason were said to have been treated with unnecessary brutality by the guards. The unsavory reputation of the prison obliged the Confederate House of Representatives in 1863 to order an investigation of the commandant, Capt. George W. Alexander, who had been accused of "harshness, inhumanity, tyranny, and dishonesty." Alexander was eventually cleared of the charges, partially by citing the hard-bitten character of the inmates as justification for his behavior. As Commandant of Castle Thunder, a Confederate prison in Richmond, VA., Alexander possessed a theatrical flair. He had long black hair, a long black beard, and fierce dark eyes, and he wore black pants, a black shirt and a black belt that held two huge pistols. a blackjack and two pairs of handcuffs. Sometimes he accessorized his grim outfit with a bright red sash, and he liked to strut around the prison with his huge black Russian boar hound, Nero, who was said to weigh 182 pounds. He was dismissed from command in 1864 and he worked at two other Confederate prisons and fled to Canada after the war fearing prosecution. His dog NERO was left behind and was auctioned off in New York for the benefit of soldiers' charities. A seldom seen autograph. Choice condition................................SOLD

6048 - A RARE HAND WRITTEN TELEGRAPH BY LOUIS WIGFALL FROM TEXAS, LATER CONFEDERATE GENERAL, WRITTEN FROM BALTIMORE IN MARCH 1861 AS HE STAYED IN WASHINGTON AFTER TEXAS SECEDED SPYING ON THE UNION AND RAISING AND TRAINING MEN IN MARYLAND TO SEND TO SOUTH CAROLINA, The Texas legislature elected Wigfall to the United States Senate in 1859 as a Democrat to the 36th United States Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of James Pinckney Henderson. Matthias Ward was appointed to the Senate following Henderson's death and served from September 27, 1858 until Wigfall was elected and sworn in on December 5, 1859. Wigfall served until March 23, 1861, when he withdrew. He was expelled from the Senate on July 11, 1861 for support of the rebellion. He also served as a member of the Texas delegation to the Provisional Confederate Congress, which formed the provisional government of the Confederacy, and which selected Jefferson Davis as its president. Wigfall had continued to hold his seat after Texas had seceded on February 1, 1861 and was admitted to the Provisional Confederate Congress on March 2, 1861, exhorting the rightness of the Southern cause and berating his Northern colleagues whether on the floor of the Senate or in Capitol Hill saloons. During this time in Washington, he spied on Federal preparations for the coming conflict, secured weapons for delivery south, and upon expulsion by his fellow Senators, he went to Baltimore, Maryland and recruited soldiers for the new Confederacy before traveling to the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia. In this telegram from Baltimore on March 16th, 1861 he tells Davis A. Spencer in Washington to see Woods or Giddings during banking hours and let them know he would return by the evening train. It is believed he had been in Baltimore on a mission to obtain men and arms for the Confederate Government. Wigfall was finally expelled in July 1861. This telegram is written all in his hand....................$650.00

9420 - MARY CUSTIS LEE AUTOGRAPHS A SIGNATURE OF ROBERT E. LEE FOR A RELATIVE IN 1916, A note dated January 1st, 1916 to her cousin Merrill Chapin and signed by Mary Custis Lee on a partial document signed by Robert E. Lee in 1838 as Captain of Engineers while stationed at St. Louis while working on Mississippi River improvements above the mouth of the Ohio River. A bold signature of Lee as a Captain as well as Mary Custis Lee's note written two years before her death. Very fine, two excellent autographs...............................$2,995.00

2036 - GENERAL P. G. T. BEAUREGARD, CDV, AUTOGRAPH AND ADDRESSED COVER, three Beauregard related items: [a] Carte de Visite of Beauregard by Anthony, [b] a nice ink signed card by Beauregard dated 1873, and [c] a front of a postal cover post war addressed to John S. Wise in Richmond in Beauregard's hand, three items, very fine..........................SOLD

1015 - GENERAL P. G. T. BEAUREGARD, a bank check dated March 23rd, 1880 drawn on the Mutual National Bank of New Orleans for $77 made out to his brother A. N. T. Beauregard and endoresed by his brother on the verso. Thus on the front of the check there is a partial autograph as well as his full autograph. The check has a vignette of the bank as well as a federal tax stamp. Mint condition. Pierre Gustave Toutant - Beauregard [May 28, 1818 - February 20, 1893) was a Southern military officer, politician, inventor, writer, civil servant, and the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Today he is commonly referred to as P. G. T. Beauregard, but he rarely used his first name as an adult. He signed correspondence as G. T. Beauregard. After the war, he was an advocate for civil and voting rights for freed slaves.....................................................SOLD

1016 - GENERAL THEOPHILUS HOLMES, ALS by General Theophilus Holmes to Charles [Broadfoot presently a private in the 43rd North Carolina Infantry] concerning getting a commission for Broadfoot in the Confederate Army. Dated at Brook Station [VA], January 21st, 1862. 5" X 7" on blue paper. He relates in part..."Your note informing me that your father could procure you a commission through your member of Congress is received. By all means as I have plenty of work for you and will take the greatest pleasure in giving you the opportunity to make yourself an accountable officer. If McDowell fails let me know and I will try very hard for you. Much love to you and your brother...T. H. Holmes." Holmes refers to Thomas David Smith McDowell (January 4, 1823 - May 1, 1898) was a prominent North Carolina politician. He was born in Bladen County, North Carolina. He served in the state House from 1846 to 1850 and in the state senate from 1854 to 1858. He represented the state in the Provisional Confederate Congress. Charles W. Broadfoot enlisted from Cumberland County in June 1861 at age 18 as a private in Company H (Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry), First Regiment North Carolina Volunteers. In November 1861, Broadfoot reenlisted in Company D, Forty-third Regiment North Carolina Troops. Promoted to lieutenant, he was assigned to General Theophilus H. Holmes's staff in Arkansas. In 1864, he became lieutenant colonel of the First Regiment North Carolina Junior Reserves (Seventieth Regiment North Carolina Troops), made up of seventeen - and eighteen - year - old boys. The regiment fought at Bentonville and surrendered near High Point on May 1, 1865. Theophilus Hunter Holmes (November 13, 1804 - June 21, 1880) was a career United States Army officer and a Confederate Lieutenant General in the American Civil War. A friend and protégé of the Confederate President, Jefferson Davis, he was appointed commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department and was later relieved. In April 1864, Holmes commanded the Reserve Forces of North Carolina. He, along with General Joseph E. Johnston, surrendered to William Tecumseh Sherman on April 26, 1865. A full war dated ALS of Holmes which is quite rare in itself. Very fine........................................................................SOLD

1207 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL DANIEL HARVEY HILL, two page letter all in Hill's hand as President of Arkansas Industrial University, June 18th, 1878 to David Walker from Fayetteville, Arkansas. [stamp cut out of cover]. Hill laments to Walker on what is going on at the University that troubles him. He states that he rejoices over the improved health of Walker but adds "The greater part of my residence here has been lonely and desolate and embittered but coarse misrepresentation and he thanks Walker for his friendly and cordial letter." Hill was President of AIU from 1877 to 1884. Walker was a jurist and President of the Arkansas Secession Convention. During the Civil War, Walker became a Colonel in the Confederate military court whose death-sentence decisions raised legal questions that carried on into Reconstruction. This one for the few letters by Hill known as President of AIU. Very fine.......................................................................SOLD

6012 - GENERAL JAMES SIMONS, SOUTH CAROLINA, at the start of the outbreak of hostilities in the War between the States, Simons was the first general officer of the Confederacy appointed by Jefferson Davis. He was the commanding Officer of the Confederate defenses at Morris Island during the first attack at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1862. General Pierre Beauregard would send a letter to Simons expressing his earnest wish that he might have the benefits of his services should he again be called upon to command Carolina troops. A difference with then Governor Pickens barred the way to longer active service befitting his rank and position, but Simons cheerfully volunteered as a private soldier in the Marion Artillery. His post-war signature as lawyer/notary from a partial document, large red notary seal. Very fine..............................$95.00

33003 - HOWELL COBB, CSA GENERAL, SCARCE SIGNATURE AS TREASURY OF THE US UNDER BUCHANAN, large clipped ink signature of Howell Cobb as Secretary of the Treasury under James Buchanan. Much scarcer than the numerous Member of Congress clips that have been available over the years. Thomas Howell Cobb (September 7, 1815 - October 9, 1868) was an American political figure. A Southern Democrat, Cobb was a five-term member of the United States House of Representatives and Speaker of the House from 1849 to 1851. He also served as a Secretary of Treasury under President James Buchanan (1857 - 1860) and the 40th Governor of Georgia (1851 - 1853). He is, however, probably best known as one of the founders of the Confederate States of America, having served as the President of the Provisional Confederate Congress, when delegates of the secessionist states issued creation of the Confederacy. Cobb served for two weeks between the foundation of the Confederacy and the election of Jefferson Davis as first President. This made him, as the Speaker of the Congress, provisional Head of State at this time. Cobb joined the Confederate army and was named as colonel of the 16th Georgia Infantry. He was appointed a brigadier general on February 13, 1862, and assigned command of a brigade in what became the Army of Northern Virginia. Between February and June 1862, he represented the Confederate authorities in negotiations with Union officers for an agreement on the exchange of prisoners of war. His efforts in these discussions contributed to the Dix-Hill Cartel accord reached in July 1862. Cobb saw combat during the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days Battles. Cobb's brigade played a key role in the fighting at Crampton's Gap during the Battle of South Mountain, especially Crampton's Gap where it arrived at a critical time to delay a Union advance through the gap, but at a bloody cost. His men also fought at the subsequent Battle of Antietam........................SOLD


2084 - NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST, (July 13, 1821 - October 29, 1877) was a lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. He is remembered both as a self-educated, innovative cavalry leader during the war and as a leading Southern advocate in the postwar years. He was a pledged delegate from Tennessee to the New York Democratic national convention of 4 July 1868. He served as the first Grand Wizard (head of movement) of the Ku Klux Klan, but later distanced himself from the organization. A cavalry and military commander in the war, Forrest is one of the war's most unusual figures. Less educated than many of his fellow officers, Forrest had already amassed a fortune as a planter, real estate investor, and slave trader before the war. He was one of the few officers in either army to enlist as a private and be promoted to general officer and division commander by the end of the war. Although Forrest lacked formal military education, he had a gift for strategy and tactics. He created and established new doctrines for mobile forces, earning the nickname The Wizard of the Saddle. Forrest was accused of war crimes at the Battle of Fort Pillow for allowing forces under his command to conduct a massacre upon hundreds of black Union Army and white Southern Unionist prisoners. Union Major General William T. Sherman investigated the allegations and did not charge Forrest with any improprieties. In their postwar writings, Confederate President Jefferson Davis and General Robert E. Lee both expressed their belief that the Confederate high command had failed to fully utilize Forrest's talents. Below is his signature taken from a letter in ink purchased directly from Forrest's great-granddaughters in 1971 when they sold his personal effects to Dr. Roland Bill of Memphis who had amassed a huge Forrest collection. A letter of provenance from Dr. Bill written in 1986 accompanies this signature...............................................SOLD

9052 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL D. H. REYNOLDS, Daniel H. Reynolds became a captain of cavalry in the Arkansas militia on May 25, 1861. This unit became Company "A" of the 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles in the Confederate States Army and Reynolds became its captain on June 14, 1861. He served with this unit at the Battle of Wilson's Creek under then Colonel Thomas J. Churchill. After engaging in some skirmishes in Missouri and Arkansas, and the Battle of Pea Ridge the regiment transferred to service under Major General Earl Van Dorn, operating east of the Mississippi River. The regiment then fought, on foot, under Lieutenant General E. Kirby Smith, and later under General Braxton Bragg, in Kentucky and east Tennessee in 1862 and its colonel on September 20, 1863, after the Battle of Chickamauga. Reynolds won many commendations for his service, including praise from Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson for his efforts at Chickamauga. Reynolds was appointed a brigadier general on March 5, 1864. In April and May, he held brigade commands in the Confederate Departments of the Gulf and of Alabama and East Mississippi as part of the garrison at Mobile, Alabama. His brigade then became part of Brigadier General James Cantey's division in the Army of Tennessee in May 1864. They fought in the Atlanta Campaign. Franklin-Nashville Campaign and Carolinas Campaign. Reynolds was slightly wounded at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864 where six Confederate generals were killed and six others were wounded. He did not officially report the wound. He took part in the Battle of Nashville with his brigade, which helped cover the Confederate retreat from that battle. He returned to command a brigade in General George D. Johnston's division in February 1865. Reynolds was struck by a cannonball and lost his left leg at the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina on March 19, 1865. 8" X 10" document double signed by Reynolds dated 1884 as an attorney in a legal case, ALS on one side and docketed again on the verso, two signature..................................................................SOLD

9053 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL L. S. ROSS OF TEXAS, Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross (September 27, 1838 - January 3, 1898) was the 19th Governor of Texas (USA), a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War, and a president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, which was later annexed to the United States. Much of his childhood was spent on the frontier, where his family founded the town of Waco. As a teenager, Ross attended Baylor University and Florence Wesleyan University. On one of his summer breaks, he suffered severe injuries while fighting renegade Comanches. After graduation, Ross joined the Texas Rangers, and in 1860, led troops in the Battle of Pease River, where he rescued Cynthia Ann Parker, who had been captured by the Comanches as a child. When Texas seceded from the United States and joined the Confederacy, Ross joined the Confederate States Army. He participated in 135 battles and skirmishes and became one of the youngest confederate generals. Following the Civil War, Ross briefly served as sheriff of McLennan County before resigning to participate in the 1875 Texas Constitutional Convention. In 1887, he became the 19th governor of Texas. During his two terms, he oversaw the dedication of the new Texas State Capitol, resolved the Jaybird-Woodpecker War, and became the only Texas governor to call a special session to deal with a treasury surplus. His signature as Governor on a large ornate Land Grant dated 1890. Very fine condition...............................................................SOLD

5137 - JAMES MASON, VIRGINIA, CAPTURED ON THE TRENT, James Murray Mason (November 3, 1798 - April 28, 1871) was a United States Representative and United States Senator from Virginia. He was a grandson of George Mason and represented the Confederate States of America as appointed commissioner of the Confederacy to the United Kingdom and France between 1861 and 1865 during the American Civil War. While traveling to his post as Confederate envoy to Britain and France, on the British mail steamer RMS Trent, the ship was stopped by USS San Jacinto on November 8, 1861. Mason and John Slidell were confined in Fort Warren, Boston Harbor, precipitating the Trent Affair that threatened to bring Britain into open war with the United States of America. The Northern public erupted with a huge display of triumphalism at this dramatic capture, and even the cool-headed Lincoln was swept along in the celebratory spirit. But when he and his cabinet studied the likely consequences of a war with Britian, their enthusiasm waned. After some careful diplomatic exchanges, they admitted that the capture had been conducted contrary to maritime law, and that private citizens could not be classified as 'enemy dispatches'. Slidell and Mason were released, and war was averted. The two diplomats set sail for England again on January 1, 1862. Mason represented the Confederacy there until April 1865. One of his first acts in London was to raise the issue of Union blockades. His signature in ink, "J. Mason."..........................................$55.00

5140 - GENERAL RICHARD L. T. BEALE, VIRGINIA, Richard Lee Turberville Beale (May 22, 1819 - April 21, 1893) was a lawyer, three-term United States Congressman from the Commonwealth of Virginia, and a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Upon the secession of Virginia in 1861, Beale enlisted in the cavalry as a lieutenant. He was soon promoted to captain and then major, and placed in command of Camp Lee, near his hometown of Hague, on the lower Potomac River. Being commended for his intelligence and excellent judgment, he subsequently served under Col. W. H. F. "Rooney" Lee in the 9th Virginia Cavalry in what became the Army of Northern Virginia. When Lee was promoted to brigadier general, Beale was advanced to the rank of Colonel and given command of the regiment, which included his sons. In December 1862, he led a bold expedition throughout the countryside near the Rappahannock River, capturing the Federal garrison at Leeds without losing a man. Beale's service in 1863 earned him several written commendations and praises. On April 16, he won the praise of Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart for repelling the threatened raid of Maj. Gen. George Stoneman's Federal cavalry division, capturing several prisoners during a week of nearly continual fighting. During the Gettysburg Campaign, Beale led the 9th Virginia in a charge on Fleetwood Hill at the Battle of Brandy Station in June. He participated in Stuart's subsequent ride around the Army of the Potomac and the raid through Maryland and Pennsylvania. He participated in hard fighting at Gettysburg's East Cavalry Field in early July and ruing the army's retreat to Virginia. He briefly assumed command of Rooney Lee's brigade during fighting at Culpepper Court House and participated in the Bristoe and Mine Run Campaigns. In March 1864, he made a forced march to intercept Union Col. Ulric Dahlgren and his raiders. A detachment of his 9th Virginia Cavalry successfully ambushed the Federals, and, with other units captured about 175 men and killed Dahlgren. The papers found upon Dahlgren's person, revealing a design to burn Richmond and kill President Jefferson Davis and his Cabinet, were forwarded through Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee to the Confederate government. These controversial papers discovered by Beale's troopers may have been a factor that influenced John Wilkes Booth in his decision to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. Beale led his regiment during the Overland Campaign, and captured two Union flags at the Second Battle of Ream's Station during the Siege of Petersburg. In August, upon the death of John R. Chambliss, Beale was assigned to command of Chambliss's brigade, although still with the rank of colonel. It was not until February 6, 1865, that he was finally promoted to brigadier general. he led the brigade through the end of the war. His signature in ink, "Richard L. T. Beale Virginia." Very scarce.........................SOLD

5141 - GENERAL WILLIAM FEATHERSTON, Winfield Scott Featherston "Old Swet" (August 8, 1820 - May 28, 1891) was an antebellum two-term U.S. Representative from Mississippi and a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was later a state politician and a circuit court judge. With the secession of Mississippi, Featherston was appointed to visit neutral Kentucky to try to influence Governor Beriah Magoffin into also leading his state from the Union. With the start of the Civil War in early 1861, Featherston raised a regiment of infantry (17th Mississippi) and became its colonel. He fought at the First Battle of Manassas and was cited for gallantry at the Battle of Ball's Bluff. He was commissioned as a brigadier general on March 4, 1862. He led a brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia during the Peninsula Campaign and was wounded during the Seven Days Battles. He then participated in the fighting at the Second Battle of Manassas, as well as at Antietam and Fredericksburg. He was among a number of generals that Robert E. Lee removed from command or reassigned when he reorganized his army, along with Nathan G. Evans, Thomas F. Drayton, Roger Pryor, and several others. Transferred to Mississippi in early 1863, Featherston assumed command of a brigade of Mississippians in Loring's Division in the army of Joseph E. Johnston. He fought in several major campaigns in the Western Theater, including the Vicksburg Campaign in 1863 and the Atlanta Campaign the following year. Loring's men accompanied the Army of Tennessee during John Bell Hood's Tennessee Campaign. In early 1865, he participated in the Carolinas Campaign and surrendered with Johnston's army at Bennett Place in North Carolina. He was paroled in Greensboro, North Carolina, on May 1, 1865. His signature in ink, "W. J. Featherston Miss.".....................SOLD

5142 - GENERAL THOMAS L. CLINGMAN, NORTH CAROLINA, Thomas Lanier Clingman (July 27, 1812 - November 3, 1897), known as the "Prince of Politicians," was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1843 to 1845 and from 1847 to 1858, and U.S. Senator from the state of North Carolina between 1858 and 1861. During the Civil War, he refused to resign his Senate seat and was one of ten senators expelled from the Senate in absentia. He then served as a general in the Confederate States Army. When he first entered the War, Clingman was the commander of the 25th North Carolina Infantry and took part in the Peninsula Campaign. He later commanded a brigade of infantry. Clingman's Brigade consisted of the 8th, 31st, 51st, and 61st North Carolina Infantry. Clingman's Brigade fought at Goldsboro, Battery Wagner, Drewry's Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Globe Tavern, Fort Fisher, and Bentonville. His signature in ink, "T. L. Clingman, Bentonville, NC."............................................................SOLD

5143 - COLONEL HENRY HILLIARD, ALABAMA, HILLIARD'S LEGION, During the Civil War, he served as colonel in the Confederate States Army. Hilliard's Legion was organized at Montgomery, Alabama in June, 1862, and consisted of five battalions; one of these, a mounted battalion, was early detached and became part of the Tenth Confederate Cavalry. The Legion proceeded to Montgomery nearly 3,000 strong, under the command of Col. H. W Hilliard, and was placed in McCown's Brigade. It took part in the siege of Cumberland Gap, and spent the fall and winter in Kentucky and east Tennessee. His signature in ink, "Henry W. Hilliard, Montgomery, Ala."................................................................$75.00

1293 - GENERAL THOMAS R. R. COBB, (1823 - 62) Born at "Cherry Hill," in Jefferson County, Georgia. He was the younger brother of Confederate General Howell Cobb. He graduated from Franklin College (University of Georgia) in 1841, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1842. He attained a superb reputation as a constitutional lawyer, and edited twenty volumes of Georgia Supreme Court reports (1849 - 57), prepared a Digest of the Statue Laws of the State of Georgia (1851), wrote a treatise on the law of slavery titled, "An Inquiry into the Law of Negro Slavery in the United States of America" (1858), and he compiled a new state criminal code, "Code of the State of Georgia" 1861. T. R. R. Cobb was known as an ardent secessionist and a pro slavery advocate and was a member of the convention that took Georgia out of the Union, and was one of the signers of the Georgia Ordnance of Secession. Along with his brother, he was elected as a delegate to the Montgomery, Alabama Convention, which established the Confederate States of America. Cobb served as an original member of the Confederate Congress and was the chairman of the Committee on Military Affairs, and was also on the committee for the drafting of the Confederate Constitution being the document's principal author. Resigning his congressional position to enter active field service, he organized Cobb's Legion in the summer of 1861, and was commissioned colonel in the Confederate army on August 28, 1861. He fought in the 1862 Maryland campaign where his troops suffered severe losses. Promoted to brigadier general, on November 1, 1862. He was mortally wounded during the battle of Fredericksburg, VA, on December 13, 1862. He bled to death after being wounded in the thigh near the Sunken Road, on Marye's Height...Dear Judge, I do not think the "City Courts" should go into the General Code - They are merely local - I would ask the Judges of those Courts to codify their laws & have them ready to be inserted if the Committee so think. Your Ms. sent to me has not arrived. How did you forward, by mail or by Express? I have been awaiting its arrival before answering your letter. I expect the accouchement of my wife about 20the of this month. I should not like to leave home till that event is past - so soon as it is - I will advise with you as to a meeting - I am nearly done Ph. III. I will amuse myself with "Penal Code" if I have time before we meet - I thank you for all your action in Milledgeville. Yours truly, Thos. R. R. Cobb Autograph Letter Signed. 2 pages 5 X 8, in ink. Athens, [GA], Jany. 3, [1860], NEAR IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND WAR DATED....................................................SOLD

1408 - CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS DISCHARGE, APPROVED BY GENERAL ARCHIBALD GRACIE, KIA, 8" X 10", Cumberland Gap, TN. June 10th, 1863, pre-printed and filled-in soldier's discharge for Sergt. Samuel Palmer, Rains Company Light Artillery being discharged for reason of procuring a substitute. Palmer was described as being born in Knoxville, 19 years of age, and was a clerk at his enlistment and had enlisted for three years. He was 5'7", had gray eyes and dark hair. Gracie signs on an angle, "Approved A. Gracie Jr. Brig. Gen. Comdy." Also docketed by his AAG B. E. Jones. Bold "Soldier's Discharge" printed on top of form. Fine, light wear at edge folds. Sharp signature. When Alabama seceded in 1861, Gracie enlisted in the Confederate States Army. In June 1861, he was created a Major of the 11th Alabama Regiment. From March to April 1862, he commanded a small company of sharpshooters, who were some of the first to reinforce General Magruder during the Battle of Yorktown. In July of that year Gracie was put in command of a brigade near Chattanooga, TN, consisting of the 43rd Alabama infantry, 55th Georgia Infantry, 12th Georgia Infantry, 1st Georgia Artillery, and the 1st Florida dismounted regiment. Through his successes in Huntsville, TN, he was promoted to brigadier general on November 4, 1862, at the age of 29. His company was the guard of the rear of General Bragg's Army in Harrodsburg during his retreat from the Battle of Perryville, and during his retreat after the Tullahoma Campaign. General Gracie's command took an active role during the Battle of Chickamauga, where he lost over 700 men. Between July and December 1864, Gracie served in the trenches of Petersburg, Virginia, during the Siege of Petersburg. On December 1, Gracie's 32nd birthday, his second child, a girl, was born, and he was to take a leave to see the baby on December 3. On December 2, 1864, the day after his 32nd birthday Archibald Gracie was looking out at the Union lines through his telescope when an artillery shell exploded in front of him breaking his neck, it killed him instantly. Because of his actions at the Battle of Chickamauga Gracie's name was put into consideration for a promotion to a Major General, but his death caused the consideration to be suspended. Extremely rare and impossible to find war date.........................................SOLD

1425 - GENERAL WADE HAMPTON, SOUTH CAROLINA, 16" X 20" commission for a country commissioner dated July 17th, 1877 signed by Wade Hampton as Governor, large red seal and bold signature. Very fine, a beautiful document......................................SOLD

100807 - WILLIAM PITT KELLOGG, LOUISIANA, William Pitt Kellogg (December 8, 1830 - August 10, 1918) was an American politician and a Governor of Louisiana from 1873 - 1877 during Reconstruction. He was one of the most important politicians in Louisiana during and immediately after Reconstruction. He was notable for being re-elected after most other Republican officials had been defeated when white Democrats regained control of state politics. Kellogg is also notable as one of few senators to be elected to the House of Representatives immediately after leaving the Senate. ALS on Louisiana Executive stationary, February 26h, 1847, executive order requesting a detective be appointed, fine.........................................................SOLD

52813 - CONFEDERATE SOUTH CAROLINA NOTABLES, THOMAS D. WAGNER AND WILLIAM L. TRENHOLM, both signatures on a John Fraser & Co. coupon from a $1000 bond of 1868. Wagner signed the Ordinance of Secession for South Carolina in 1860, Trenholm was a Confederate Army Colonel and Trenholm was the first Democrat and first Southerner to be appointed Comptroller. Appointed to office by President Grover Cleveland, he was known for the large number of changes he recommended in the banking laws. Both signatures on bond coupon................................................$25.00

407000 - COLONEL W. H. GARLAND, 14TH [CONFEDERATE] LOUISIANA CAVALRY, His signature on the verso of a City of New Orleans pre-war Municipal bond coupon as Treasurer of the 2nd Municipality. 14th Cavalry Regiment was organized during the summer of 1863 with eight Mississippi and two Louisiana cavalry companies. It served in W. Adams', H. P. Mabry's, then returned to W. Adams' Brigade in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana. The regiment skirmished in Mississippi and Alabama, and many were captured in the fight at Selma. Only a handful surrendered on May 4, 1865. Its commanders were Colonel F. Dumonteil, Lieutenant Colonels John B. Cage and William H. Garland, and Major Pinckney C. Harrington "Major" [later Colonel] W. H. Garland's Battalion of Cavalry is mentioned in the official reports as on duty at Ponchatoula, LA, October, 1862. January, 1863, General Gardner assigned Major Garland, with his battalion and Rhodes' company, to guard the approaches from Baton Rouge. They were stationed in front of Tangipahoa. They were sent to the assistance of Colonel H. H. Miller at Ponchatoula, in March, 1863, and had skirmish with enemy at Servich's Ferry, Amite River, which was creditable and successful. The battalion had three companies (Rhodes detached). General Grierson, in reporting his raid through Mississippi, 1863, said that he encountered Garland's Cavalry at Edward's bridge over the Tickfaw, April 30. Garland reported, May 1, that he had lost about 70 men and his horses were all broken down. During the siege of Port Hudson Garland's Battalion was with the command of Col. John L. Logan, headquarters Clinton, LA, operating in the Federal rear. August 3, near Jackson, LA, Logan defeated a detachment from Port Hudson, mainly "Corps d'Afrique," capturing nearly a hundred prisoners and a battery of two Parrot guns............................$45.00

12120 - GENERAL HIRAM B. GRANBURY, Granbury and his regiment served in north Mississippi with General Vicksburg Campaign. Colonel Granbury led the regiment in the battles of Raymond and Jackson. Granbury fought and was wounded at the Battle of Chickamauga. He then participated in the Siege of Chattanooga and the Battle of Missionary Ridge. When Brigadier General James Argyle Smith was wounded at Chattanooga, Granbury led the brigade in the retreat from Chattanooga. Division commander, Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, commended Colonel Granbury for his handling of the brigade. On February 29, 1864, Colonel Granbury was promoted to brigadier general. He then led the Texas brigade. This brigade was composed of eight (8) under strength Texas regiments, including the 7th Texas Infantry, through the Atlanta Campaign. He fought with particular distinction at the Battle of New Hope Church in the Atlanta Campaign. At the Battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864, Hood ordered 18 brigades to make numerous hopeless frontal assaults against fortified positions occupied by the Union Army forces under Major General John M. Schofield. Granbury's brigade charged the center of the Federal breastworks and he was killed, along with Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, just outside the Union works. In total, six Confederate generals died in or as a result of the battle. A nice ink signature of Granbury H. B. Granbury, [never have seen one offered cheaper before].................$1,200.00

12120A - A large signature of Hiram Granbury along with a signature of Edward J. Gurley, Colonel who formed and commanded the 13th Texas Cavalry, dated April 1st, 1861. Very fine and extremely rare, 3" X 6.5".....................................SOLD

72026 - CONFEDERATE GENERAL MATHEW C. BUTLER, Autograph on a 2" X 3.5" card in ink, Major General CSA and USA. Butler received a commission as captain in the cavalry detachment of the Hampton Legions, where he first became acquainted with, and eventually became the protégé of, Wade Hampton. Butler then received a promotion to colonel of the 2nd South Carolina Cavalry in August 1862. He led his regiment in action at Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Stuart's Second Ride Around McClellan in October 1862. He was fearless. "It used to be said his skin glanced bullets," wrote one of his troopers, "and that it required a twelve-pounder to carry away [his foot]." At the June 9, 1863, Battle of Brandy Station, Butler's regiment of South Carolinians, fighting mostly alone, held off an entire division of Union cavalry for much of the day. However, while Butler was conferring with Capt. Will Farley, one of Stuart's favorite scouts, a well-aimed shot by Union horse artillery killed Farley, Butler's horse, and carried Butler's foot clean off. For most men, losing a foot would have ended their military career, but not Butler. In September 1863, Butler returned to duty, with a fresh promotion to brigadier general. He was sent to South Carolina, where he assumed command of a newly-formed brigade of mounted infantry. In the spring of 1864, that brigade joined Hampton's division, and it bore the brunt of the brutal fighting at Haw's Shop on May 28, 1864, and then at Trevilian Station on June 11-12. By then, with Stuart dead, Hampton was in command of the Confedrate cavalry by virtue of seniority, and as senior brigadier, Butler took command of Hampton's division. In that capacity, he was magnificent at Trevilian Station, prompting Hampton to say, "Butler's defense at Trevilian was never surpassed." In recognition of his fine service, he was promoted to major general in September 1864, assuming permanent command of Hampton's division. When Hampton went to South Carolina in 1865 to try to defend his home state against William T. Sherman's invaders, he brought Butler's division with him. Butler performed good service during the Carolinas Campaign, and was with Joseph E. Johnston's army when it surrendered at Bennett Place in April 1865. "From the fall of Columbia to the surrender of Johnston at Durham, Butler was ever at the front, harassing and impeding Sherman's advance," recalled one of his staff officers.................................................$85.00

72029 - GENERAL CHARLES CLARK AND WILLIAM HARDEE WAR DATED SIGNATURES, Special Requisition #40 form. January 7th, 1862, Hopkinsville, KY. Clark requests $5000 to pay his staff and brigade officers at Hopkinsville, KY for the month of January 1862. The comment at the bottom notes that there is no money in the pay department to pay the voucher for pay. Major V. K. Stevenson, who became General Nathan Forrest's Brigade quartermaster signs the note. Signed by Clark as Brig. Gen. commanding. General William Hardee endorses the note on the verso. As it seems that $2500 was paid on January 20th. Clark was wounded in the right shoulder at Shiloh. During a charge that he led against the 6th Michigan at Baton Rouge a bullet shattered his right thigh bone. He was crippled for life and left on the battlefield and was captured. He was paroled and allow to return home in February 1863 where he was elected Governor of Mississippi. As Governor, he helped pave the way for the Confederate Government to pass a bill providing for the enlistment of slaves as soldiers. War dated documents are rare signed by Clark as he was imprisoned as a POW in August of 1862 and never returned to field duty. Very fine, blue paper..........................$950.00

60707 - GENERAL BENJAMIN J. HILL, CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA, c. 1875, undated promissory note for $333.33 payable at the First National Bank of Nashville for a final payment on the "Malton Tract of land" in Warren County, TN. 4.5" X 7.5". Hill signs it twice on the verso as Attorney at Law. (1825-80) Hill was born near McMinnville, TN. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was appointed colonel of the 5th Regiment, Provisional Army of Tennessee, which later became the 35th Tennessee Infantry. The regiment served in Cleburne's brigade, and Hill led it with distinction at Shiloh, in Bragg's Kentucky campaign, and in the battles of Murfreesboro, Chickamauga and Chattanooga. At Chickamauga, the gallant Colonel Hill won this high praise from Lieutenant General D. H. Hill, "the extraordinary merit of Colonel Hill of the 35th Tennessee came under my personal observation. This noble officer has been distinguished himself in John Bell Hood's Tennessee campaign, and as a result was promoted to brigadier general on Nov. 30, 1864. In the last months of the war, he commanded a cavalry brigade under General Nathan Bedford Forrest and participated in the campaign against Union General James H. Wilson. 2 signatures........................................................SOLD

30608 - MANSFIELD LOVELL, WRITES A PASS FOR HIS STAFF OFFICER TO PASS THE LINES [TO NEW ORLEANS], ALS by Lovell. On headquarters Dept #1, New Orleans stationary marked out and Jackson, MS, substituted. June 9th, 1862, "All persons are ordered to pass and give any facility to the bearer Lt. Colonel Ogden of my Staff on official business, M. Lovell Mgr. General Commanding." 5.5" X 7", Ogden had been the first and only commander of the Negro regiment the Louisiana Native Guard [1861-62] and was on Lovell's Staff. Lovell had moved north from Camp Moore, Louisiana to Jackson and set up his command there. Ogden, from New Orleans, had been exchanging correspondence between Lovell and Butler in New Orleans regarding prisoners and had his wife back in the City. Lovell War dated items this close to the Fall of New Orleans are rare. Very fine.................................................................................$1,600.00

, January 28th, 1864, Special Orders #23, Richmond, VA. 8" X 10", being addressed to General J. E. Johnston. Partially printed document written and signed by Colonel Withers. He assigns Lt. William Huger of the 1st Louisiana to temporary assignment at Athens, GA due to being unfit for field service.........................................

1022 - GENERAL JOHN B. MAGRUDER (1807-71) Known as "Prince John," he was born at Port Royal, VA and graduated from West Point in the class of 1830. He was brevetted three times for gallantry during the Mexican War while an artillery officer. Magruder was brevetted Lieutenant Colonel, 1st U.S. Artillery, for gallantry in the battle of Chapultepec, Sept. 13, 1847. He resigned from the U.S. Army on April 20, 1861, and was appointed brigadier general in the Provisional Confederate Army on June 17, 1861, and major general on Oct. 7, 1861. He distinguished himself in the early part of the Peninsula campaign, completely deceiving General McClellan as to the size of his forces at Yorktown. He was less successful during the Seven Days battles, and was later assigned to command the District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Here he was successful in the recapture of Galveston, Texas and the dispersal of the Federal blockading fleet. After the war he went to Mexico without being formally paroled and joined Emperor Maximilian's Imperial forces with the rank of major general. Signature: 7 3/4 X 1 3/4, in ink. Partial imprinted requisition, for two dozen birch brooms. Beautiful large autograph, J. Bankhead Magruder. Bt. Lt. Col. U.S.A., Capt. 1st Arty. Comdg. Co. Excellent, scarce.........................................................$395.00

1024 - GENERAL JAMES G. MARTIN, (1819-78) Born in Elizabeth City, N.C., he graduated in the West Point class of 1840. Fought in the Mexican War battles of Monterey, Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, Contreras and Churubusco, where he lost his right arm which was shattered by grapeshot. Afterwards Marin was known by his nickname of "Old One Wing." He was appointed Adjutant General of North Carolina and it was his idea to employ blockade runners to bring supplies into the Confederacy from Europe. Appointed Commander-in-Chief of N.C. State Forces, on Sept. 28, 1861. In May 1862, he was appointed brigadier general in the Confederate Army, and in Aug. 1862 he was given command of the District of N.C. When General George E. Pickett made his demonstration against New Bern in February 1864, Martin successfully attacked and drove the Union troops from Newport. When the Overland Campaign opened Martin was called to Petersburg, and was the first in the field under General William H. C. Whiting. General D. H. Hill took command of the division on May 20, and Martin's brigade won distinction for their charge, driving the enemy from the works in their front. Afterwards his men carried him around on their shoulders, shouting: "Three cheers for Old One Wing." The brigade was then assigned to General Robert Hoke's division, and reinforced General R. E. Lee during the Battle of Cold Harbor, where they repulsed the Union assaults on June 3, and afterward were engaged in a sharp shooting fight along the line. Lee, believing General Grant would make another attack, informed Martin that he held the key to the Confederate position, and asked if his troops, comparatively new, could be relied upon. Martin promptly responded that his men were as good as veterans, but that he thought he should be transferred to the south of the James River, as he believed Grant would attack Richmond from the rear. Lee then sent Martin's brigade to Petersburg. During the siege, Martin's health gave way under the strain and exposure, and he was transferred to the command of the district of Western North Carolina, with headquarters at Asheville. After he left the Army of Northern Virginia, Lee stated that "General Martin is one to whom North Carolina owes a debt she can never repay." Martin surrendered the Army of Western North Carolina in Waynesville, North Carolina on May 6, 1865. This was the last organized Confederate force remaining in the state. Document Signed:  7 1/2 X 9 1/2, imprinted form, filled out in ink. Fort Leavenworth, K. [ansas] T. [erritory], May 3, 1860. Received of Captain S. Van Vliet (a future Union Civil War General), Assistant Quarter Master, U.S. Army, in good order and condition the following Military Stores, marked and numbered as per margin which agree to deliver, with all practicable dispatch, in like order and condition, unto the Assistant Quarter Master, U.S. Army, at Fort Riley, the freight thereon being payable by the Assistant Quarter Master. The receipt lists 2 boxes, hubs & wheels; for Maj. J. [ohn] Sedgwick, 1 Cav. (future Union General who would be killed in 1864) 77 boxes ord. stores; and under the section marked "Private" it lists Capt. [Nathaniel] Lyon, 1 case ale, 1 keg wine, 1 basket wine, 2 boxes liquor [Lyon, a future Union General would be killed in 1861]; with more entries. Signed at bottom of page by Michael Falen [?]. Endorsement Signed on the reverse: Received at Fort Riley, K. [ansas] T. [erritory] May 9th, 1860, the within named stores, J. G. Martin, A. Q. M. Minor wear and age toning. Very fine, SCARCE............................................$250.00

1025 - GENERAL DANIEL RUGGLES, 1861 Autographed Endorsement Signed (1810-97) Graduated from West Point in the class of 1833, fought in the Seminole War, and earned the brevets of major and lieutenant colonel for gallantry during the Mexican War. Resigning his commission in the U.S. Army on May 7, 1861, he commanded the Virginia forces on the Rappahannock River at the opening of the Civil War. Commissioned brigadier general, Aug. 9, 1861, he commanded a brigade during the battle of Shiloh where he rendered good service in gathering a large number of guns to fire on the Union position at the Hornet's Nest, and aided in the assault which caused the surrender of Prentiss' division. Thereafter, he held district and department commands at various points including the Department of Southern Mississippi and East Louisiana, and at the end of the war was commissary general of prisoners. War Date Autographed Endorsement Signed: 1 page document, 7 3/4 X 9 3/4, in ink. Asst. Adjt. General's Office, First Brig., C. S. Forces, New Orleans, LA, Dec. 4th, 1861. Sir, the Commanding General of the First Brigade C. S. Forces directs me to enclose to you the requisition of Captain LaSalle, Asst. Qr. Master of your Regiment for axes, pick axes, etc. for the use of the Regiment. The Quarter Master states that he has already issued a full supply of these articles to your Regiment except Dutch ovens which are not allowed by this Department. Very respectfully, Yr. Obedt. servt., Roy Mason Hooe, Asst. Adjt. General. To Col. R. L. Gibson, Comdg. 13th Regt. LA Vol. [Gibson was later appointed brigadier general in the Confederate army]. Ruggles writes at the bottom of the document: Note. It is unnecessary to enclose these Requisitions. Daniel Ruggles, Brig. Genl., C.S.A..............................................................$395.00

1026 - ALABAMA GENERAL DUFF GREEN, General Green was the Quarter Master General of Alabama during the War Between the States. Autographed Letter Signed: 1 page, 8 1/4 X 10 3/4, in ink. Qr. Master General Office, Mobile, March 28, 1861. Capt. M. Smith, Captain: This morning Col. F. Sheppard presented me your requisition for funds with letter accompanying. He became quite excited because I would not pay him the money. You can explain to him that you must first give me a receipt for the money and then take his receipt. If you will advise me how to send you the funds and at same time send receipts I will forward the amt. of your requisition, but as money is so easily lost, I decline to send any until I have the receipts. In future you will please not give any one orders for money. You know the reasons for the disbursement and you must present the normal forms. Your obt. svt., Duff C. Green, Q. M. Genl. Light wear and age toning. Duff Cyrus Green was quartermaster general of Alabama. Prewar he was a U.S. Army Officer and Mobile Alabama Merchant......................................................$125.00

101150 - GENERAL FRANCIS M. COCKRELL, Confederate General. At the beginning of the American Civil War in 1861, Cockrell joined the Missouri State Guard as a captain. After transferring to the Confederate army and being promoted to colonel, he was an important leader in the Vicksburg Campaign and was wounded in the hand by an exploding shell during the Siege of Vicksburg. He was promoted to brigadier general on July 18, 1863. In April 1865, shortly before the end of the war, Cockrell was captured in Alabama, but was paroled after a few weeks. He returned to his law practice in Missouri. A nice post war signature as a United States Senator..........................................$89.00

32703 - JEFFERSON DAVIS, PRESIDENT OF THE CONFEDERACY, A nice large ink clipped signature from the conclusion of a letter, "Respectfully, Jefferson Davis." On February 9, 1861, after he resigned from the U.S. Senate, Davis was selected provisional President of the Confederate States of America. He was elected without opposition to a six-year term that November. During his presidency, Davis took charge of the Confederate war plans but was unable to find a strategy to stop the larger, more powerful and better organized Union. His diplomatic efforts failed to gain recognition from any foreign country, and he paid little attention to the collapsing Confederate economy, printing more and more paper money to cover the war's expenses. Historians have criticized Davis for being a much less effective war leader than his Union counterpart Abraham Lincoln, which they attribute to Davis being overbearing, over controlling, and overly meddlesome, as well as being out of touch with public opinion, and lacking support from a political party (the Confederacy had no political parties). His preoccupation with detail, inability to delegate responsibility, lack of popular appeal, feuds with powerful state governors, inability to get along with people who disagreed with him, and his neglect of civil matters in favor of military were only a few of the shortcomings which worked against him. After Davis was captured on May 10, 1865, he was charged with treason, though not tried, and stripped of his eligibility to run for public office. While not disgraced, he was displaced in Southern affection after the war by the leading Confederate general, Robert E. Lee. However, many Southerners empathized with his defiance, refusal to accept defeat, and resistance to Reconstruction. Over time, admiration for his pride and ideals made him a Civil War hero to many Southerners, and his legacy became part of the foundation of the postwar New South. The signature is bold, some mounting traces on verso. A nice large example............................................................$595.00

2070 - GENERAL EDWARD DORR TRACY, KILLED AT VICKSBURG, 12th Alabama Infantry, Colonel of the 19th Alabama, Shiloh, Vicksburg. He led the company, Company I, Fourth Alabama Infantry, to Virginia and fought in the First Battle of Manassas, Virginia. On the 12th of October, 1861, he became Lieutenant-colonel of the Nineteenth Alabama, Col. Joe Wheeler's regiment. In the battle of Shiloh, he led the Nineteenth, having a horse killed under him. Going to East Tennessee with McCown's division, he soon attracted the attention of Gen. E. Kirby Smith, who wrote, July 22nd, "Should any new appointments be made for this command, I would recommend Lieut. - Col. Edward D. Tracy. Upright, intelligent and accomplished, Colonel Tracy, by his services at Manassas and Shiloh, has attested his soldierly qualities." Five Alabama regiments in the various brigade of Smith's army were collected in a brigade and he assigned commander. A commission as brigadier-general followed in August, 1862. In early 1863, he led his brigade to Vicksburg, Mississippi, this occurring the time Grant landed at Bruinsburg. With about 1,500 men, tired by a hasty march, he reached Port Gibson in time to participate in the battle of May 1st, where the brigade suffered significant loss in killed, wounded and captured. The fighting commenced at sunrise, and soon became warm and bloody. "A little before 8 o'clock," said Colonel Garrett in his report, "our brave and gallant commander, General Tracy, fell near the front line, pierced through the breast, and instantly died without uttering a work." His remains were sent to Macon, Georgia and there interred. His ink signature contained in his addressed postal cover dated Oct. 2, to his wife in Huntsville, AL. PM Macon, Georgia, 3 Cent embossed stamp. Bold signature, trifle fray at bottom and top of cover, scarce KIA General......................................................SOLD

2085 - DOUBLE SIGNED NATHAN BEDFORD FORREST BOND, Signed as President of the Selma, Marion, and Memphis Railroad overall 16" X 19". First mortgage at 8% guaranteed by the State of Alabama 1869. Also signed for by Governor William Hugh Smith of Alabama. Forrest served as President until 1874 when he resigned from the railroad due to health and financial reasons. Known as the "wizard in the saddle" after having 29 horses shot from under him. This example is in pristine condition and getting more difficult to find as such. Many have been divided to sell both signatures individually. Most often offered at $2500+. This nice specimen is.................................................................SOLD

1030 - GENERAL FRANCIS MARION COCKRELL, 2 1/2" X 3.5". Autograph. From Missouri, at the beginning of the American Civil War in 1861, Cockrell joined the Confederate Army as a captain. He was an important leader in the Vicksburg Campaign and was wounded in the hand by an exploding shell during the Siege of Vicksburg. He was promote to brigadier general on July 18, 1863. In April 1865, shortly before the end of the war, Cockrell was captured in Alabama, but was paroled after a few weeks. He returned to his law practice in Missouri. He later served in the US Senate until 1905. His card is signed. F.M. Cockrell Missouri", boldly signed in ink. Nice bold ink signature......................................$80.00

122133 - GENERAL WILLIAM B. BATE, CSA, ink signature on a card. 1.75" X 3", "William Bate Tennessee", bold signature. Bate was the governor of Tennessee from 1883 to 1887 and subsequently a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1887 until his death. He served in the Confederate forces in the American Civil War, attaining the rank of major general and commanding a division in the Army of Tennessee..................................................SOLD

122134 - GENERAL EDMUND W. PETTUS, CSA, ink signature on a card. 1.75" X 3", "E.W. Pettus, Ala." bold signature. Pettus helped organize the 20th Alabama Infantry, and was elected as one of its first officers. On September 9, he was made the regiment's major, and on October 8, he became its lieutenant colonel. From then on Pettus served in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. During the Stones River Campaign, he was captured by Union soldiers on December 29, 1862. He was exchanged a short time later, and was captured again on May 1, 1863. At the time, Pettus was part of the surrendered garrison that had been defending Port Gibson in Mississippi, however he managed to escape and return to his own lines. He was promoted to colonel on May 28, and given command of the 20th Alabama. During the 1863 Vicksburg Campaign, Pettus and his regiment was part of the force defending Confederate control of the Mississippi River. When the garrison was surrendered on July 4, Pettus was again captured, and would be a prisoner until his exchange on September 12. Six days later he was promoted to the rank of brigadier general, and on November 3, he was given brigade command in the Army of Tennessee. Pettus and his brigade participated in the Chattanooga Campaign, posted on the extreme southern slope of Missionary Ridge on November 24, and fought during the action the following day. Pettus and his command toop part in the 1864 Atlanta Campaign, fighting in the battles of Kennesaw Mountain on June 27, Atlanta on July 22, and Jonesborough from August 31 to September 1. Beginning on December 17, he temporarily led a division in the Army of Tennessee. Afterward during the 1865 Carolinas Campaign, Pettus was sent to defend Columbia, South Carolina, and participated in the Battle of Bentonville from March 19-21. Pettus was wounded in this fight, hit his right leg during the battle's first day. On May 2, he was paroled from Salisbury, North Carolina, and was pardoned by the U.S. Government on October 20...........................................SOLD

122135 - GENERAL JOHN S. WINDER, CSA, large notation signed dated March 26th, 1862 regarding an inspection by the Provost Marshall and an inventory of guns will be made. Framed with a colored engraving of Winder, 22" X 24". The long docket was on the back of a document involving a soldier. Winder chose to follow the Confederate cause and resigned his U.S. Army commission on April 27, 1861. He was appointed a colonel in the Confederate Army infantry on March 16. He was ten promoted to brigadier general on June 21 and the next day was made Assistant Inspector General of the Camps of Instruction that were in the Confederacy's capital of Richmond, Virginia, a post he would hold until October 21. In addition to his duties involving prisons, he was responsible for dealing with deserters, local law enforcement, and for a short time setting the commodity prices for the residents of a city dealing with a doubled population. During this time, he commanded Libby Prison in Richmond as well. In April 1864, Winder appointed Capt. Henry Wirz commandant a new prison camp in Georgia called Camp Sumter, better known as the infamous Andersonville Prison. Winder commanded the Department of Henrico for much of the war, lasting until May 5, 1864. He then commanded the 2nd District of the Department of North Carolina & Southern Virginia from May 25 until June 7. Ten days later, he briefly commanded Camp Sumter himself, lasting until July 26. Winder then was given command of all military prisons in Georgia as well as those in Alabama until November 21, when he was put in charge of the Confederate Bureau of Prison Camps, a post which he held until his death on February 7, 1865. Very scarce wartime document...........................................................$450.00

3101 - SUPERINTENDANT OF THE CONFEDERATE NASHVILLE AND CHATTANOOGA RAILROAD, 8" X 10" signed stock certificate for the Nashville, Chattanooga, & St. Louis Railroad with a nice large vignette of a steam engine. c 1875, signed by Edmund W. "King" Cole who ran the Chattanooga & Nashville Railroad during the war and was a lifeline for Confederate supplies. His trains transported wounded soldiers from the Murfreesboro battlefield. After the war, he became President of the Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Railway Company. Crisp condition......................................$79.00

3102 - COLONEL ALFRED LANDON RIVES, Letter with fine vignette of a Steam engine dated September 30th, 1882 to A.L. Rives, General Manager of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad offering them steam engines at a cost of $10,000 each. Rivers notes on the verso that they will decline the offer as they had just purchased eight engines. Rives had designed the Cabin John Bridge in Maryland, Capt CSA 1861, served as Engineering officer on Magruder's Staff, acting chief of the Confederate Engineering Bureau, remained in Richmond for the duration of the war in the capacity as Asst. Chief of the Bureau, Lt. Colonel 1863, Colonel 1864. Active in all engineering needs for the Confederacy including railroads, Superintendent of the Panama Railroad, General Manager of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, died 1903. The letter is datelined New York on the letterhead of Barrows & Company Railway Equipment. Some archival restoration on verso, otherwise well written.....................................$75.00

645 - GENERAL THOMAS JORDAN, signature of Jordan dated April 29th, 1865. Just at the end of the War. Somewhat light buy very clear. Still a war period autograph and a very reasonable price...................................................$125.00

646 - GENERAL ROBERT VANCE, 4" X 5" paper, really a half page from a scrapbook. Huge signature "Robt B. Vance, Riverside, NC". North Carolina General............................$145.00

650 - GENERAL JOHN ECHOLS, Confederate Commander in Western Virginia. 3" X 5" manuscript accounting by Echols as an attorney dated July 17th, 1860, just prior to the War. Quite a lot of data in Echols' hand..................................................$195.00

653 - GENERAL JOHN WINDER, 11" X 14", Commander of Confederate prisons. His signature framed with a copy photo. Uncommon..............................................$300.00

, Mexican War, Brig. General, 2nd Manassas, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Wilderness and Confidant of Lee. A check entirely written by Longstreet with full signature drawn of the State Banking Company of Gainesville, GA in 1901. Very fine........................................................

658 - GENERAL OTHO STRAHL, Signature on a 1.25" X 2.75" portion of a pre-war legal document. Confederate Brigadier General - Tennessee. After entering Confederate service as Captain of the 4th Tennessee, Strahl saw action at Shiloh and Murfreesboro before promotion to Brigadier General and participation in the battles of Chickamauga and Atlanta. While leading his brigade in Brown's Division at Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864. Strahl became one of six mortally wounded Confederate Generals. September 1860, witnessed W.H.B. Beaumont...O.F. Strahl......................................................$1,250.00

659 - GENERAL BENJAMIN J. HILL, Tennessee. Fought at Shiloh with Cleburne, Chickamauga, Atlanta Campaign, fought at Forrest and Murfreesboro, later last against Wilson's Cavalry. Have several examples of Hill's signature. Hill's signature is not common and he had an exceptional record in the Army of Tennessee. Document signed pre-War......................$175.00


FrFlowerMid.jpg (1949 bytes)
FrFlowercbl.jpg (1558 bytes)
FrFlowerbotl.jpg (2484 bytes)

Back to top

FrFlowertbr.jpg (1957 bytes)
FrFlowercbr.jpg (1560 bytes)
FrFlowerbotr.jpg (2523 bytes)

This site Created & Maintained by Christopher & Lisa Delery.
If you have any questions or would like to report a problem, contact the sitemanager or the Historical Shop.
Thank you for visiting us!!

©All rights reserved Historicalshop.com